This icy island nation is pulling out all the stops to attract international operators to its lesser-known, but very well equipped, airports. Gordon Smith gives us the lowdown
If you’re lucky enough to have visited Iceland, chances are you arrived at Keflavík, the country’s primary international airport. This sprawling site, 30 miles southwest of downtown Reykjavík, is best known as a hub for Icelandair, but it is also used by more than two dozen foreign carriers that offer a mix of seasonal and year-round services to the North Atlantic country.
That said, upon arrival at Keflavík, you’ll be hard pressed to find an onward connection to the north or east of the island. This isn’t because the capital lacks air links to these regional centres, it’s due to the fact they depart from a separate domestic airport situated in the heart of Reykjavík. While this is hugely convenient for Icelanders on business in the city, it does significantly hamper the prospect of smooth transfers from international destinations to these relatively remote – though enchanting and economically vibrant – parts of this spectacular country.
A quick chat to any Reykjavík native will reveal that the city-centre airport is controversial, with strong feelings on both sides of the argument. Some believe consolidation at the out-of-town Keflavík (albeit with improved public transport options) would be the most sensible approach, while others extol the virtues of having a compact and wellregulated downtown airfield. In the land of fire and ice, these often-heated debates have yielded glacially paced decisions, as numerous stakeholders weigh up the pros and cons.
But what if there were a way to supercharge overseas connectivity with Iceland’s north and east without encroaching on the quarrels in the capital? A way to turn an island nation with one primary gateway to the world into a place with two or even three? This isn’t some wacky conceptual idea drawn up by out-of-touch strategists, but rather a near-immediate option available at little or no cost, with no new infrastructure. Sound too good to be true? Not at all.
The status quo
Iceland has more than a dozen public airports, all of them operated by Isavia, the state-owned airport and air navigation service provider. The majority are modest airfields that serve as lifeline links to their local communities. However, alongside Keflavík (and the occasional charter into Reykjavík city) a pair of gateways are not only capable of handling international traffic but are actively seeking potential airline partners.
The first of these is Akureyri, a busy airport that sits on the delta of the Eyjafjörður River in Iceland’s far north. It serves the nearby town of around 18,000 inhabitants – the largest population centre outside the capital region. While this figure may not seem particularly high, it is important to consider that Iceland is home to around 366,000 people, the vast majority of them in the southwest corner in and around Reykjavík. In fact, Akureyri is so important that it is nicknamed ‘the capital of the north’ and boasts a thriving cultural scene alongside playing a critical role in fishing, tourism and other valuable industries. But what about the airport itself?
The current complex opened on December 5, 1954, although there are records of scheduled flights between Akureyri and Reykjavík as far back as 1937. In addition to Dash 8 turboprop services to and from Reykjavík with Icelandair (primarily in morning and evening banks), Akureyri has scheduled flights to Grímsey, an island located on the Arctic Circle in the north, as well as to two towns in the east, Thorshofn and Vopnafjörður, with local company Norlandair. There are also weekly departures to Greenland. All well and good, but how does this ambitious airport make the leap from puddle-jumpers to jets? The short answer is that it already has.
Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, international charter flights operated to and from Akureyri throughout the year, primarily organised through UK, Dutch and German tour operators. Wet-lease partners for these trips included Transavia, Enter Air and Titan Airways, typically using Boeing or Airbus narrowbodies. From just 6,831 international passengers in 2017, the airport reported a 70.3% increase in 2018 to 11,631. This soared further in 2019, up more than a third year-on-year to 16,050, before COVID travel restrictions crippled foreign visitor demand in spring 2020.
With the global public health situation stabilising, airport management and the wider Akureyri community are hopeful that the positive trends seen pre-pandemic can be continued.
Although turboprops are the dish of the day here, Akureyri’s single Runway 1/19 is 7,874ft long, 147ft wide and can safely accommodate aircraft as large as Icelandair’s Boeing 767 if the circumstances really require it (more on that later). Alongside on-site air traffic control (ATC), the supporting equipment and lighting system are to a high standard and include LOC, ILS and GPS approaches. ILS was added to Runway 19 in January 2020 and has already greatly improved the resilience of the complex. The fireand-rescue service at the airport is in accordance with ICAO category five and can be raised to category seven as required. Given its location, winter operations are managed with relative ease, and the airport is open year-round.
Although the vast majority of passenger operations at Akureyri are domestic, clever design means the terminal can be adapted within minutes to process international traffic. A series of sliding doors and moving walls enables specific portions of the building to remain ‘sterile’, avoiding any possible mixing of domestic and overseas passengers. While this arrangement has worked well during previous international arrivals and departures, construction is currently underway on a brand-new 810 million Iceland Krona (€5.5m) facility, which will better serve longer-haul flights.
Due for completion in autumn 2023, the 11,840sq ft international wing will radically improve the passenger experience, with complementary airside improvements to the apron also due to be finished next year. The project is also expected to boost the economy, with local construction company Hyrnas selected as the main contractor for a scheme that will extend the total terminal footprint to 29,062sq ft.
Around five hours east by road from Akureyri is Egilsstaðir Airport, its rival for the attentions of international suitors. The surprisingly spacious facility is in the heart of Austurland, a region informally known as the East Fjords or simply East Iceland. With just 13,000 inhabitants spread across almost 10,000sq miles, it is definitely a rural area, but don’t be fooled by the top-line numbers. This part of the world enjoys a thriving economic landscape, with rich mineral deposits and fishing nearby, along with a burgeoning creative and tourism scene.
The airport sits on the Egilsstaðanes peninsula on the banks of Lagarfljót lake, just a few minutes from Egilsstaðir itself, easily the largest town this side of Akureyri and a real centre of gravity for the region. The original terminal was built between 1963 and 1968 but was redeveloped and significantly expanded during the late 1980s and 1990s. The 12,916sq ft arrivals hall is the newest part of the building, formally opened in April 2007 and home to some impressive local artwork. Much like Akureyri, moving walls can be deployed to ensure the separation of any international passengers, with a bright two-level departure lounge able to accommodate the peaks and troughs of larger jet service.
The complex prides itself on friendly but efficient service, with luggage arriving on the carrousel in just 2.7 minutes on average –a figure most frequent flyers at Heathrow or JFK could only dream of. There is a genuine sense of place at both airports, with thoughtful, often highly creative, touches throughout the terminals, which make it apparent you have landed somewhere rather special.
In line with its northern neighbour, the site meets ICAO category five and can be boosted to category seven on request. As the airport is just a 20-minute drive from the port town of Seyðisfjörður, home to a weekly ferry service to the Faroe Islands and Denmark, there is a ready supply of local customs agents, should they be needed for any far-flung arrivals.
Passenger numbers at Egilsstaðir peaked at 98,000 in 2017, the vast majority of which was intra-Iceland traffic. Allowing for a post-pandemic recovery period, there is optimism that, with the right international partners, passenger numbers could smash the 100,000 milestone in the coming years.
While it is easy to imagine eastern Iceland being a challenging environment for aviation, with dramatic landscapes and unpredictable meteorology, Egilsstaðir is blessed with remarkably stable flight and approach conditions. Sitting in a relatively sheltered valley around ten miles from the nearest coastline, the weather is generally favourable for aviation, with a reliability of scheduled flights close to 99%, bolstered by AFIS control and ILS, RNAV and NDB approaches.
Its 6,562ft Runway 4/22 is generously proportioned for even larger narrowbodies. From a consumer perspective, this means less chance of delayed passengers, but it is also a vital narrative when speaking to potential air operators. Time is money in the aviation business and no carrier wants its jet stuck in a remote airport down-route.
The ability for Isavia and its partners to present airlines with impressive dependability metrics, enhanced with recent investments in airside infrastructure, should help grease the wheels of any upcoming negotiations.
In addition to being one of four airports in Iceland able to handle international flights, Egilsstaðir, like Akureyri, also serves an important role as a diversion airport, should usual operations at Keflavík go awry or a transatlantic aircraft need to make an emergency landing. This is all the more relevant when one considers Isavia ATC figures, which reveal more than a quarter of all North Atlantic air traffic passed through the Reykjavík Oceanic Control Area in the pre-pandemic period. Put simply, even airlines that don’t fly to Iceland will likely have some involvement with the country’s wider aeronautical ecosystem.
Alongside universal threats, such as technical faults, fog and strong wind, aviators have the added consideration of volcanic activity to include on their flight plans. With Iceland sitting on the lively Mid-Atlantic tectonic ridge, the importance of these emergency secondary gateways during volcanic eruptions cannot be overstated, hence their being kept to a higher standard than might otherwise be expected for regional airfields.
These two airports are not alone in their quest to enhance route development and strike it lucky on the international circuit. The Icelandic government and Isavia are offering extensive support for carriers considering services into Akureyri and/ or Egilsstaðir. With many hopeful that the worst of the pandemic is over, the airports’ backers have sought to revive a campaign to both attract and sustain new operators.
At a central government level, the Icelandic Route Development Fund aims to “support the development of new flight routes to Iceland and enable regular international flights through the Akureyri and Egilsstaðir.” The goal is to encourage better distribution of travellers throughout the country, boost utilisation of public infrastructure and enhance the quality of life for local residents as well as the business environment in Iceland’s north and east. Grants of up to €1.5m are available annually for 2022 and 2023, as the pandemic pain eases. The fund operates both a route and marketing development division, with promotional support of at least €60,000 also on offer if the amount is matched by the relevant operator.
This government assistance is supplemented by a wide-reaching package of incentives by Isavia itself, in a wider bid to persuade airlines and travel companies to include both summer and winter flights to these relatively undiscovered regions. AI